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英國論文開題建議書的格式,分哪幾部分? THE RESEARCH PROPOSAL

時間:2012-10-18 22:03來源:www.grlmh.club 作者:留學生論文網 點擊:
很多人問及英國碩士爐溫建議書,也叫開題建議書怎么寫?英國論文開題建議書的格式,分哪幾部分? 開你建議蘇英國叫 THE RESEARCH PROPOSAL

英國論文開題建議書的格式,分哪幾部分? THE RESEARCH PROPOSAL

2.1  INTRODUCTION

本單元為學生提供了一個機會,在一個指定的導師帶領下選擇一個自己要研究主題。這之前要做一個開題建議書,也叫開題報告。

This unit provides an opportunity for the student to research a self selected topic in consultation with the appointed supervisor.  This is preceded by a research proposal.

Hughes, Ineson and Stone (2001) point out that, research is an ‘original investigation’ carried out to gain further knowledge and understanding. It should demonstrate both academic rigour and managerial relevance, i.e. it should be http://www.grlmh.club/yjfflw/ directed towards a practical aim and objectives in order to solve a specific problem

2.2 開題建議的規劃和設置 PLANNING AND SETTING UP THE RESEARCH PROPOSAL

As part of the assessment for this unit, students are required to produce an outline plan for an MSc or MA dissertation in the form of a proposal. The student is required to:

• 確定一個主題,以及設置論文的重點研究范圍 Identify a topic as well as the setting and focus of the dissertation
• 咨詢你的導師并確認他指導你的范圍 Consult with appropriate supervisor and determine whether s/he is able to supervise your chosen area.

This task requires preliminary investigation and reading round the topic area to identify a working title and, for administrative purposes. This information should be notified to the unit co-ordinator and the potential supervisor.

• Complete Research Proposal Form A by the required date (This will be issued to students by the Research Methods unit leader).
• Refine ideas in consultation with supervisor

Students are encouraged to explore the topic, (through the literature) to consider and determine aim/objectives/methodology and proposed content structure. Students should meet with supervisor regularly and plan a work schedule

• Develop and discuss interim submissions with supervisor
• Submit two hard copies and one electronic copy of Research Proposal by required date together with one completed copy of Form B. (see Appendix B) that has the signatures of the researcher and the supervisor. 

2.3 LEARNING OUTCOMES:

Upon completion of this unit, students will be able to:

1. produce a research proposal for their MA / MSc dissertation that
(a) demonstrates the ability to critically select, justify and use appropriate enquiry methods and processes;
(b) demonstrates the ability to engage with relevant methodological and substantive bodies of knowledge in a critical and reflective manner; and
(c) reflects upon management theories and current industry practices.
2. demonstrates and justifies an appropriate and ethical method of investigation to address a problem

2.4 THE STRUCTURE OF THE RESEARCH PROPOSAL

A research proposal comprises a:
 a) working title,
 b) aim,
 c) objectives (3-5) which includes,
 d) background,
 e) proposed method,
 f) potential outcomes,
 g) key references and additional bibliography.

a) Working title
The working title should be stated in one sentence and capture the essence of the study.

b) Aim
The dissertation must have a clearly identifiable aim, indicating an approach that is analytical and evaluative and not merely descriptive. The aim is a short statement of what the researcher hopes to achieve on completion of the dissertation.

It should be expressed in one sentence! It is good practice to pose "the research question" in one sentence. What question is this research setting out to answer? The aim should be expressed formally but equally succinctly.

The aim should be focused and not general. Usually the narrower the focus the more successful the dissertation is likely to be. The aim should be expressed in such a way as to demonstrate an approach that is not simply investigative. Avoid "to investigate" or "to examine" (unless pure scientific research) and use verbs such "to analyse", "to evaluate", "to assess" and "to determine".

To describe and list facts is not sufficient; there must be evidence of intent to do more. For example,

1. Not: "to investigate leisure centres in local hotels" but:
 "to analyse the effectiveness of leisure centres in attracting visitors to local hotels"

2. Not: "to examine customer care in the hospitality industry" but: "to evaluate the customer care strategies of international hotel groups (say 3) in the UK"

 c) Objectives

These are "concise statements of expected outcomes" of the exploration - what you want to find out, not how you mean to do it - "to establish X by means of case studies" or "to compare Y and Z by means of a literature survey". It is vital that the objectives are carefully determined because the results of the research will be judged according to whether these objectives have been achieved successfully. Normally 3-5 objectives would be sufficient to achieve an aim.

d) Background (Selection and justification of the topic)

The reasons for the selection of the research topic should be explained, and linked to the literature reviewed.

Raise issues to underpin the research topic and to demonstrate why it is worthy of consideration. This is usually because (a) it has not been explored before in the proposed way and (b) because the study is perceived to be useful.

Show there is a "knowledge gap" to be filled, but it is more important to demonstrate "research competence" than it is to shake the foundations of the academic or management world.  

Discuss the nature and significance of the problem/issue to be addressed. Convince the assessor that it is not a trivial topic and show how it may be of practical "use".

It is usually relevant and appropriate to discuss the topic area within the context of previous work (writing or research) and to raise issues pertinent to the proposed research, followed by a clear statement of the precise research area or a key research question or a research hypothesis.

d1). Planning a literature search

The librarian has developed a course on advanced literature searching for coursework and dissertations. It is always useful to use library resources in completing your research.

Begin with key words and then develop a rough framework for the search. Keep a record of all potentially relevant information. Decide on the recording format; for example, a computerised database or a card index.

d2). Referencing
The Harvard system is the preferred method (see postgraduate student handbook)

d3). Accessing external information/making and retaining outside contacts 

It is highly likely that external information will be essential to the successful completion of the dissertation.
Most companies are willing to work with students on such projects if they are informed accordingly. Remember to treat all external collaborators with the deserved respect as it is important to maintain a good relationship.

Texts

A very simple introductory text is sufficient. Students are advised to refer to the reading list provided in the postgraduate student handbook. (See Research Methods Unit descriptor at http://www.grlmh.club/).

e). Proposed method

Students are expected to outline the proposed research design, research population, sampling method, data collection techniques (quantitative, qualitative or both), and data analysis methods. The research method should be justified and appropriate to the achievement of the aim and objectives.

f). Potential outcomes

Brief statement of what the outcomes might be, that is, what knowledge might be advanced from the study.

g). Key references and bibliography

List at least 12 key references, showing familiarity with the literature that can support the study plus an additional bibliography of at least 20 items – texts that are intended to be cited in the final dissertation.

Note:  The outline (background & methodology) should be presented as a coherent statement, not just, a series of bullet points across which the assessors are expected to make links.

COURSEWORK BRIEF

The research proposal must be no more than 3000 words in length and excluding the aim, objective and references/bibliography. The references and bibliography should be listed alphabetically at the end of the proposal. Lists of bullet points without justification are not acceptable in the main body of the text, which should be written in essay format. The word count must be stated and marks will be deducted if an outline plan is over this maximum word length.

The minimum pass mark is 50%. A student will be awarded credit for this unit when the Research Proposal has been moderated and the mark has been ratified at an MSc or MA Examination Board as applicable.

To summarise, the Research Proposal should normally include:

• a working title
• an aim  and 3-5 objectives
• a background
- put research topic into context and raise issues pertinent to research which lead to hypothesis/research question, supported by appropriate, adequate and up-to-date literature
• proposed methodology (Ref. Methods of  Enquiry reading list in unit handbook)



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