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管理學research proposal:綠色管理對企業可持續發展的作用

時間:2019-07-05 10:05來源:未知 作者:anne 點擊:
1.0 Introduction介紹 經濟發展提高了人民生活水平,促進了社會進步,同時也帶來了越來越多的環境污染,包括廢氣、廢水排放、氣候變暖、極端天氣、資源過度消耗等(張等,2017)。環境污染不
1.0 Introduction介紹
經濟發展提高了人民生活水平,促進了社會進步,同時也帶來了越來越多的環境污染,包括廢氣、廢水排放、氣候變暖、極端天氣、資源過度消耗等(張等,2017)。環境污染不僅影響人類的生存,而且對企業的發展前景構成威脅(Weichhart等人,2016)。在此背景下,企業可持續發展的理論和實踐越來越受到重視(Roy和Khastagir,2016)。從環境保護的角度來看,可持續發展是指企業在追求經濟利益的同時,關心環境保護,實現企業發展與人類社會和諧共存,自然環境(dvo_kov_和zborkov_,2014)。
綠色管理是企業實現可持續發展的重要手段(耿、曼蘇里、阿克塔,2017)。綠色管理是將環境保護的概念融入企業管理,涉及企業管理的各個層次、各個領域、各個方面、各個過程,要求企業管理中隨時考慮環境保護(Ma等,2016年)。
Economic development improves people's living standards and promotes social progress, at the same time, it brings more and more environmental pollution, including waste gas, waste water emissions, climate warming, extreme weather, excessive consumption of resources and so on (Zhang et al.,2017). Environmental pollution not only affects the survival of mankind, but also poses a threat to the development prospects of enterprises (Weichhart et al., 2016). In this context, the theory and practice of sustainable development of enterprises are paid more and more attention (Roy and Khastagir, 2016). From the perspective of environmental protection, sustainable development refers to that in the pursuit of economic interests, at the same time, enterprises are concerned about environmental protection to achieve enterprise development and harmonious coexistence with the human society, the natural environment (Dvo?áková and Zborková, 2014).
Green management is an important means for enterprises to achieve sustainable development (Geng, Mansouri and Aktas, 2017). Green management is to integrate the concept of environmental protection into business management, which involves all levels, various fields, all aspects, all processes of business management, requiring that in business management, it should consider environmental protection at any time (Ma et al., 2016). 
2.0 Rationale理由
關于綠色管理和企業可持續發展的文獻很多。然而,這些研究從一定的角度闡述了綠色管理對企業可持續發展的重要性(Mustapha、Manan、Alwi,2017)。對綠色管理在企業可持續發展戰略中的作用以及在多大程度上的重要性進行系統闡述的研究還不多。本研究將以有關綠色管理與可持續發展的文獻為研究對象,根據內容分析對文獻進行定量和定性分析,最后根據內容分析的結果對文獻進行系統的分析。闡述了綠色管理在企業可持續發展戰略中的作用。
There are many literatures on green management and sustainable development of enterprises. However, these studies have elaborated the importance of green management to the sustainable development of enterprises from a certain point of view (Mustapha, Manan, Alwi, 2017). There are not lots of researches which systematically expound the roles that green management plays in enterprises’ sustainable development strategy, and to what extent it is important. In this study, it will take literatures relating to green management and sustainable development as the research objects, according to content analysis to carry out quantitative and qualitative analysis on the literatures, and finally based on the results of the content analysis to systematically describe the roles that green management plays in enterprises’ sustainable development strategy. 
3.0 Research aim and objectives
The research aim of this study is to systematically expound the roles of green management in the sustainable development strategy of enterprises. According to the research aim of this study and  Scur and Barbosa’s (2017), Vanallea’s et al., (2017) research, the research objectives of this are designed as follows. 
Research objective 1: to discuss the roles of green management in the sustainable development of enterprises from the perspective of corporate decision-making
Research objective 2: to discuss the roles of green management in the sustainable development of enterprises from the perspective of production processes
Research objective 3: to discuss the roles of green management in the sustainable development of enterprises from a product perspective
Research objective 4: to discuss the roles of green management in the sustainable development of enterprises from the perspective of production waste utilization
4.0 Literature review
4.1 Sustainable development
Sustainable development is a new concept put forward by people in the 1980s with the extensive discussion of global environmental and development issues (Zhang et al., 2017). It is a long-term and profound reflection on the traditional development mode (Weichhart et al., 2016). The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 took sustainable development as a common development strategy for mankind towards the twenty-first century and, for the first time in human history, the concept of sustainable development strategies was implemented (Dvo?áková and Zborková, 2014). In 1987, Barbier et al. published a series of articles on economic and environmental sustainability, which attracted the attention of the international community (Zhang et al., 2017). In the same year, Ms Gro Harlem Brundtland formally presented the concept of sustainable development in the "Our Common Future" of the World Commission on Environment and Development, marking the emergence of sustainable development theory (Weichhart et al., 2016). The research focus of sustainable development of enterprises is how to adapt and meet the carrying capacity of ecological environment while realizing the coordinated development of enterprises, environment, ecology and resources while pursuing economic growth.
4.2 Green management
There are many literatures on green management and sustainable development of enterprises. These studies have elaborated the importance of green management to sustainable development of enterprises from different angles. Vanallea et al (2017) were from the perspective of corporate decision-making to point out that green management should be included in an enterprise’s environmental decision-making elements, paying attention to the study on business environment countermeasures. Mustapha, Manan and Alwi (2017) were from the perspective of production process to analyze that green management should adopt new technologies to reduce or eliminate harmful waste emissions. Scur and Barbosa (2017) were from the perspective of product strategy to figure that the green management should change traditional products into environmental protection products, and people should actively use the "green logo." Ma et al. (2016) mentioned that green management should pay attention to the recycling of waste products. Geng, Mansouri and Aktas (2017) believed that enterprises should actively participate in environmental remediation activities within the community, promoting green publicity towards staff and the public to establish a green corporate image.
5.0 Methodology
5.1 Data collection
This study will make uses of content analysis method. Content analysis method will change non-quantitative literature into quantitative data, and based on these data to make quantitative analysis on the contents of the literatures and make judgments and inferences on the facts (Weber, 1985).
In this study, it will take literatures relating to green management and sustainable development of enterprises as the research objects, through the university library database, Scientific direct, High wire, and other authoritative database to find and download relevant research literatures, such as Cambridge Science Abstracts. In order to ensure that the content of the research literatures is consistent with the topic and to ensure the accuracy and representativeness of this study, it chooses and selects based on the following principles. First, the research literatures selected should explore the relationship between green management and sustainable development. Second, the selected literatures should come from authoritative peer review magazines.
5.2 Research dimensions and coding
In this study, it will search about 60 samples (company annual reports, CSR reports et.), it will be mainly from the three dimensions to carry out content analysis towards the literatures. Firstly, it is from time dimension to analyze changes in the roles of green management in enterprises’ sustainable development strategy since the 1990s. Secondly, according to the characteristics of different industries, it analyzes the roles of green management in enterprises’ sustainable development strategy. Finally, it will be from the perspectives of decision-making, production technology, product, production waste utilization and corporate image to explore the roles of green management in the sustainable development strategy of enterprises. All literatures will be coded in the form of an article number - chapter number for statistical analysis.
5.3 Key words and data analysis
By carefully reading each of the literatures, it will extract words with actual meaning, and then from these words to select the keywords. The keywords determined in this study include: A- green management, B-sustainable development of enterprises, C – enterprises’ environmental protection decision - making, D - environmental protection production process, E - environmental protection products, F - production waste utilization. Finally, it will statistically analyze the frequency of these keywords in articles of different time periods and in different industries, based on how often they occur to analyze the roles of green management in the corporate sustainability strategy.


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