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academic writing常用必備essay句型

時間:2015-04-03 10:16來源:www.grlmh.club 作者:hongdou 點擊:
本文是一篇指導論文寫作的指導性文章,旨在總結多種在論文中常用到的詞匯和語句,以及它們的用法。在本文當中,共介紹了17種如何用詞和句子的方法,且給出詳細的例子。
academic writing常用必備essay句型
 
很多留學生在國外進行academic essay writing時候,不知道用什么合適的句型從事寫作。特別是對國外學術論文寫作不熟悉的學生,非常希望能夠獲得essay詞句方面的指導。我們客服人員經常接到客戶一些咨詢一些諸如英語essay句型essay常用句型essay必備句型英國論文句型等相關問題。對剛開始學術性essay寫作來說,句型非常重要,特別是針對文章個部分及表達功能提供句型指導,有利于學生樹立起寫作信心。下面針對下列給出用詞與造句方面的建議,可著重優化學術寫作結構及寫作風格。
 
1.論文introduction部分句型
 
• This essay will deal with the following aspects of the question... 
• The aim of this essay is ......   
___________________________________  
 
2.論文summary部分句型
 
• In order to link.... with ...., the background to ... will be briefly outlined.  
• The first part of the analysis will examine.... 
• The second part of this analysis will consider...  
• The final level of the analysis consists of...  
___________________________________  
 
3.提出要點句型
 
• It is clear/ noticeable that... 
• It is necessary/ important/ useful/ interesting/to note/point out/ highlight/ emphasise that  
___________________________________  
 
4.重點標記可清楚的標明你思考的重要內容,可避免充滿主觀色彩的語言如“I think”
 
形容詞:main, crucial, important, significant, key, essential
 
名詞:focus, element, concept, theory, aspect, part, idea, point, argument, discussion, debate   
 
動詞:to emphasise, to summarise, to focus, to highlight
 
例子:
• The key aspect of this argument is  
• The most crucial point made so far 
• It is worth noting that  
• Another relevant point is that
___________________________________  
 
5.引入新觀點句型
 
• Turning now to the question of  
• Bearing in mind the previous points,  
• Having considered (X)  • With regard to  
• As far as ....... is concerned
___________________________________  
 
6.模糊限制語
 
11個情態動詞可利于避免出現以偏概全等方面的問題,正如在表達可能性確定性的程度上,便可避免出現表達過于累贅的觀點,或過多的有關主題的內容。
 
11個情態動詞為:
CAN     MAY    COULD    MIGHT    WILL    WOULD     SHALL      
 
目前在學術論文里用的最多的情態動詞為CAN, MAY, COULD 和 MIGHT。在論述過程中,若對某個觀點太過于肯定,也許心存疑慮,但在肯定的前面加上MAT或MIGHT便可避免此類問題。
 
• It could/might be said that ....   
• It seems/appears ...  
• It is generally thought/considered ......  
• Some/many people think/believe ......
___________________________________  
 
7.引用研究成果句型
 
•It has been found that  
• Research has shown that
___________________________________  
 
8.作假設句型
 
• If, then
• Assuming that
___________________________________  
 
9.陳述條件句型
 
• Given that  
• Provided that  
• Granted that  
• If it is the case that & then,
___________________________________  
 
10.舉例子句型
 
• For example/instance  
• In this situation/case  
• To illustrate
___________________________________  
 
11.增添相關信息句型
 
• Again/ besides/ equally important/ in addition/ further/ furthermore/ moreover  
• It must also be noted/ remembered that  
___________________________________  
 
12.討論句型
 
• On the one hand, on the other hand  
• Although it may be true that....however  
• Whilst it is generally agreed that  
• There exists a contradiction between ..... and  
• Those in favour of/ Supporters/Advocates of  
• Those opposed to/ Critics of  
___________________________________________ 
 
13.轉換過渡句型
 
• In other words  
• To put it another way  
• That is to say  
___________________________________________   
 
14.評價性語言
 
這是用于更加清楚的表明自己對不同觀點的看法。曾用過這類詞語嗎? 是否能在論文中運用更多的這類詞語呢?
 
正面形容詞: remarkable, innovative, complex, interesting, profound, comprehensive, powerful, rigorous, systematic, useful, sensitive, reliable, logical,   
 
負面形容詞: flawed, modest, unsatisfactory, inadequate, limited, restricted   
 
名詞: synthesis, survey, topic, study, review, history, concept, area, theme, overview, analysis, system   
 
動詞: explain, discuss, study, present, describe, bring into focus, consider, explore, illuminate, introduce, analyse, constitute  
 
例子: 
• The UNO has published an interesting survey...  
• It presents a useful concept...  
• However, the study is limited in that..  
___________________________________  
 
15.重復觀點句型
 
一般而言最好不要重復。組織好論文寫作以保證堅持一個論點。但論文需要,可用下列句子比如:
 
• To return to an earlier point  
• As noted before/above  
___________________________________________   
 
16.總結句型 
 
• Briefly, we can say/ it can be said that  
• To sum up  
• Hence/therefore/accordingly/ consequently  
• The evidence suggests, therefore  
• In general what this means/ suggests/ indicates is  
• It is clear from the above that  
___________________________________________   
 
17.結尾句型
 
• To conclude/In conclusion,    
___________________________________  


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